English (or French) · 3 credits
Research internship · 12 credits
from September 1st to January 31
English (or French) · 3 credits
From February 1st to June 30
Research internship · 12 credits
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Chapters I to V & Chapter VII: 20hCM + 19hTD
Responsable: J.-Y. Chesnel
Responsable : C. Dufour
a. High energy electron spectroscopy (X-ray fluorescence): origin of the emission spectrum; implementation of the elementary analysis: crystal analyzer for spectrometry.
b. General features of vibrational spectroscopies (infrared, Raman): energy ranges, molecular vibrations (simplified model for diatomic molecule), origins of infrared and Raman spectra, phonon selection rules, comparison between infrared and Raman spectroscopies;
c. Magnetic spectroscopy: nuclear magnetic resonance (proton NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)
a. Hamiltonian. single electron approximation. Energy and electron density.
b. Periodic potentials (Krönig Penney, Bloch's theorem, weak potential approximation).
c. Quasi-free electrons.
d. Electronic properties due to the periodic potential: density of states, average velocity
a. The tools of statistical and quantum physics useful to treat of the following points
b. Specific heat of a classical crystal. Dulong and Petit's law
c. Lattice specific heat: general expression, behavior at low and high temperatures
d. Debye and Einstein models.
e. Density of normal modes
f. Anharmonic effects: thermal expansion
g. Thermal conductivity: kinetic theory, relaxation time, temperature dependence
h. Discussion on the modification of these properties with the size of the systems -> nano effect
Metal-semiconductor junction (Schottky diode)
a. Schottky diode at equilibrium
b. Energy band diagram: work output, electron affinity
c. Rectifier and ohmic contacts, space charge region
d. Schottky diode under external bias
e. Non-equilibrium situation in a semiconductor: quasi-Fermi levels, Einstein relation
f. Capacitance-voltage characteristic of the Schottky diode, determination of the dopant profile
g. Calculation principles of the thermionic current through the diode, Richardson's constant
h. Operating principles of a PN junction (I-V characteristic) and of a bipolar transistor.
Numerical workshops illustrating various concepts using the Python 3 programming language
Objectif: detection des particules alpha, beta, gamma.
Utilisation de 3 types de detecteurs differents (jonction Si, scintillateur, detecteur gazeux). L'etudiant part de zero et doit tout mettre en place au cours de chaque TP.
Il y a 4 TP de 7h00 (un TP dure toute une journee) + une seance d'intro de 2h pour presenter les TP et faire qq rappels.
Chapters I & II: 12hCM + 6hTD, resp. J.-Y. Chesnel
Chapter III: 6hCM + 6hTD, resp. A. Braud
Study and modeling of at least three laser applications from the following list:
Responsable: Julie Douady
Perturbation theory: perturbative solution, degenerate and undegenerated levels, applications (ground state of He atom and anharmonic potential). Variation principle: variational theorem, example of the harmonic oscillator
Time-dependent potentials: general formalism
Dynamics of a driven two-level system: Rabi oscillations
Time-dependent perturbation theory: general formalism“Sudden” or fast Harmonic perturbation: Fermi’s Golden Rule and Second-order transitions
Occupation-Number Representation: creation and annihilation operators for the bosons and fermions and Second-Quantized Form of Operators: One-Particle Operators, Two-Particle Operators and Field Operators
Part 1 Classical scattering and atomic collisions
Part II Quantum scattering and nuclear reactions
scattering from a collection of scatterers
Responsables: J.Colin, P.Boduch
The objective of this course is to present the issues of radiotherapy and more specifically of hadrontherapy. Physics related issues will be studied and associated research programs will be presented.
|Subjectmatter of the course||lectures||tutorials|
|Presentation of the open questions and challenges concerning radiotherapy and hadrontherapy, with special emphasis on the relevant physical aspects.||1h|
|Energy deposition in tissues due to electromagnetic interaction.||2h|
|Absorbed dose for photons, protons and carbon ions.||1h||2h|
|Nuclear reactions, cross sections and number of reactions for thin target, thick targets, composite targets.Consequences on the dose.||1h||2h|
|Possible reactions with 12C beams, calculation of the excitation energy, kinetic characteristics of the associated particles.Consequences on the dose.||1h||2h|
|Nuclear models and simulations||2h|
|Presentation of the experiments performed at Ganil||1h|
This introductory course to nuclear energy is composed of four separate parts, the first two dealing with the presentation of the current situation in terms of energy production and waste, the third dealing with the alternatives studied in the framework of the Gen IV international forum, and the last dealing with the research carried out in this framework more specifically in France.
M1 physics 2022-2027
Responsable: Alain Braud
Responsable: M. Morales
This lecture aims at studying the physical phenomena on nanometric structures leading to specific applications.